�lƐ�Z��li�:0�Q��Y�����ܰ�23V(�. When you’re just learning shot put, use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury. The shot is then placed under the chin with the elbow held high. phase of the approach). ; On Dec. 11, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine external icon in persons aged 16 years and older and on Dec. 13, 2020, ACIP … To test the grip and give the athlete confidence- stand with feet shoulder-width apart, facing the direction of the throw. Preview. Balance is a significant factor in the follow through of shot put. On Dec. 1, 2020, ACIP recommended that health care personnel and long-term care facility residents be offered COVID-19 vaccination first (Phase 1a). The aim of this study is to analyse these factors in order to determine how they influence a shot put performance. What biomechanical principles occur in the three different skill learning stages? The aim of this study is to analyse these factors in order to determine how they influence a shot put performance . KANSAS CITY, Mo. Think … Rotational Shot Put Technique … A biomechanical comparison of the rotational shot put technique used by males and females (Order No. To begin, stand sideways at the back of the 7 foot circle you’re throwing from. In this case, we have to concentrate upon two aspects very carefully and they are − 1. x��ko�8�{��~� +��kQ�����n��}X�%V��R+�8��� EҖd��␮L����p�:��������/ފ�էz9�fy�����L�y{.�\�|����Ĉ�ۗ/�H�JdJE!�T\}{�"s���k!������O�9Uzr5=Փ�S3����9����.�����J'�饙�������տ^�xX &n�4�2+�����-e��s�T�*��q�D����x�e.=��x�����+Y�[T�3�s���4���z���7���f�>7@�4�z�F:��}���b'�Gq�mzj&K���13y��G������fQ�\�`����i���%�|Ҭ`���&_�,�����T������d�&�z㬣dL��R.Ӳ2�@��@ �X�&2QE)�n~�(9p���i-Kh��(Zp���?^"����� �oWTjd��F�m��1�F�Hw��?k�f��_���~$ �P6yDZ�o�+�fS�Ռ4J3��Jo�G|�~�/_���,a�|��+�? How it works. There is a big debate surrounding how speed should be utilised during the build up to the shot. The individual rotates their torso and their back knee is bent. A push-like movement pattern is best in shot put for many reasons, one of significance being that simultaneous motion will result in a more accurate movement due to the body travelling  in a straight-line, accuracy is extremely important in shot put to enable the shot to carry further (Blazevic, 2010). 24-42). Nigel Agboh. Preparation/Glide/Delivery & Recovery. How it works. scapula must work in concert with humerus to maintain glenohumeral stability; the entire throwing motion takes approximately 2 seconds. The aim is to put it as far as possible from a seven-foot diameter (2.135m) circle that has a curved 10-centimetre high toe-board at the front. The shot is held at the base of the fingers, not the palm. Search. At that time, stones were used as opposed to metal, which is what the “shot” is made out of today. Build speed gradually – Speed should be built up gradually rather than having a burst of speed at the beginning (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981), Simultaneous movement - The individual should move in a smooth manner with all parts of the kinetic chain moving together. The angle of release is a significant factor during this stage that has been determined prior to the shot. Is a rotational shot put technique more beneficial than a gliding technique? While the rotational technique is an outstanding way to propel a shot put a great distance, it’s not for everyone. Optimal angle of release is determined by two factors, these being when the landing point is lower than the height of release and when the height of release is lower than the landing point (Blazevic, 2010). Cancer. The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for support. Phases of Throwing: There are 5 main phases of throwing . Report. PHASES IN SHOT PUT COACHING POINTS. Follow. For left-handed throwers, foot, leg, hand, arm and body instructions should be directed in the opposite manner. The significant factors in shot put include angle and height of release, speed dynamics and push-like movement. A temporal analysis of the put was made and the throwing action was divided into six phases. Women put a 4-kg (8.82-pound) shot that is … The phases are the Shot grip and placement, delivery of the shot… 6 years ago | 234 views. The first winner was Robert Garrett of the United States with a put … The spherical shot is made of metal. Fundamental Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise. 1:27. 1 PREPARATION 3 THE THROW 2 … The shot put event originates from heavy stone-throwing competitions in England and Scotland during the 15th century and was included in the first modern Olympiad of 1896 in Athens. Athletics: How to throw a shot put. Introduction In shot-putting, the athlete tries to project the shot as far as possible while remaining within the con®nes of the throwing circle. <> �'�9�KV�6,,I"�*��m�0=-Y�f�G���q�|�.�-@:��А����ijİA��^"�ِ���4��)�x�A�˙�SSMМ�vs8 � ���cqRF�����Mw���n�O�8ga�1�� ��� #3ȗx���U��BBp�,�b(� X�+2����Ҏ^7�U|aT�B��Q��F���Ӝ������T��D�j�|���F�{A+��'Ɂ�}�0��Ჽla��iُ�����량֨ߑ���/�����C>#�{#_�2�C��� � — Starting Monday, Missouri is in Phase 1B, Tier 2 of its COVID-19 vaccine rollout plan. Arousal and individual differences in sport. Kerr, J., & Cox, T. (1991). The session will not result in “textbook” technique but will produce happy young learners who at least possess the minimum skills required to participate with some competence in the event. These factors are relevant in a number of different activities, these include, discus, a net ball goal shot and a basketball goal shot, just to name a few. The execution stage of shot put comprises of many small critical elements. Holding the shot put. The next step is for the athlete to twist his/her upper body t… %���� SHOT PUT Shot Put is regarded as a strength event. The volume for these exercises is highest in the general and specific preparation phases while intensities are highest in the specific preparation phase and the pre-competition phase. Athlete’s need to maintain the shot put velocity gained from the first phase set up. Please select below. To execute successful movement in shot put the individual needs to have a solid stable base of support. Young competitors, other than beginning shot putters, will naturally gravitate to the more direct glide technique. �������*F�y�h��TJ�"^2��dUQ�.�ŖI����4��2�1�~*�������XB�C5I.� ���2�� V|UL��1�&�O���A�4F̻�c�+���r�%J@����2J��H��{Ty�3�b�|�� In this pattern there are many complex movements occurring all in a specific order. The angle of release and height of release both play a significant role in determining how far the shot will carry, the distance is ultimately determined by the way in which force is applied (Coh, Stuhec & Supej, 2008). Goal One: Shot Put Grip and Placement. In order to do this drill, the athlete must apply force. stream Chronic kidney … Bend at the back knee - This is important as when this leg is extended it generates power (Blazevic, 2010). Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. Holding the Shot. All of these activities follow a push-like movement patter where all aspect of the kinetic chain are moving together (Blazevic, 2010). Description There are a number of purposes to this paper. (304788526). Blazevic, A. J. with wind up and acceleration phases taking approximately 75% of time (1.5 seconds) Direct TV. Dirty palm, clean hand – The individuals should hold the shot in the tips of their fingers – not their palm. the end of the final preli minary (t. 1) swing to the instant the at hlete's right foot . Personality and Individual Differences, 12(10), 1075–1085. All of the above takes place in an instant. The following is a blog that examines how biomecahanical factors influence shot put. Extend your arm fully and use the weight of your body to push the shot away from your neck in one fluid motion. The throwing stance varies in width depending on the technique employed by the athlete. �=��-0�ineϔ2�Z\H0 This can be achieved by increasing the maximal height of the athlete's center of mass during this period. By the early 1890s, the run-up had been replaced by a seven-foot-diameter circle marked on the ground with the raised board, now shaped to follow the front edge of the circle. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & … We've partnered with selected media partners in the US to bring you Olympic Channel Plus content. These require that force be applied to the grou nd in order to produce momentum and velocity. Coach Judge does an excellent job of presenting a technical approach to training high school shot put and discus throwers. What biomechanical factors contribute to success in shot put? http://www.limestone.on.ca/lesaa/FOV1-000B98E6/Training/rules%20for%20shot%20put.htm, The kinetic chain: a push-like or throw-like motion, Throwing technique: Gliding or rotational. The spherical shot is made of metal. Biomechanical Analysis of Shot Put Optimum Release Angle Force My angle at which I release is 38-41 degrees but is never accurate on one number due to the force of my leg and the accuracy of my elbow when it is applying force on the shot put into the neck curve Origination A The Kinetic Chain. The optimum angle of release is determined largely by the height of the individual (Blazevic, 2010). Young competitors, other than beginning shot putters , will naturally gravitate to the more direct glide technique . The throw is accompanied by the rapid extension of the right leg. Shot put is placed into the open kinetic chain movement category because the individual is able to move their hand freely when pushing the shot, however, their shoulder movement is constricted due to it being attached to the body (Blazevic, 2010). When throwing with a high projection angle, the athlete must expend a greater effort during the delivery phase to overcome the weight of the shot, and so less effort is available to accelerate the shot (i.e. Biomechanical Analysis: Shot Put A biomechanical standpoint, the shot put and has many different aspects that can be look at upon the affects of many different factors. In this case, we have to concentrate upon two aspects very carefully and they are − 1. During this stage the individual is utilising Newtown third law, for every action there is an equal opposite reaction (Blazevic, 2010). In 2014 Asian Games, • Preparation - The thrower sets up correctly to commence the glide. This will enable them to build speed as they swing around (Blazevic, 2010). Stance. The debate between the effectiveness of the glide technique in shot put, versus the spin or rotational technique, is an age-old one. How does this influence the distance that the shot will carry? Here we explain the more traditional linear movement which is a backward shift across the circle. Browse more videos. Library. of the shot during the first double supp ort phase, the first si ngle support phase, the flight phase, the second single support phase, and the se cond double supp ort phase. THE COMPETITION AREA THE IMPLEMENT - The shot … Tuck arm – Tucking the throwing arm across the body will help stabilise the individual. produce projection speed). Track and field quarterly review, 93(3), 18-29. Drive or supporting leg action 2. Put simply, speed dynamics refers to the changes in the individuals speed whilst they are going through the movements (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. Watch fullscreen. Skip to main content. * Phase breakdown In the shot put we work on getting into the right position at each plase of the shot put throw. It is important that the individuals build up speed gradually, building speed up gradually allows for greater control over the throw (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). The leg should be driven off the phase with excessive force. Introduction In shot-putting, the athlete tries to project the shot as far as possible while remaining within the con®nes of the throwing circle. While the rotational technique is an outstanding way to propel a shot put a great distance, it’s not for everyone. (2010). There is a considerable disadvantage that comes with using a push like movement and this is that the individual is not able to produce a shot at a greater speed due to the muscle movement within the body (Blazevic, 2010). What is the optimum angle of release and release height? Then, cup the shot with your fingers and thumb along the back of the ball without letting the ball touch your palm. 1. Log in. Throwing technique: Gliding or rotational. The height of the individual is also a determining factor that should be considered when calculating the optimum angle of release (Blazevic, 2010). Grip. The left arm is dragging behind to delay the rotation of the Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. To analyse the shot put technique of two Olympic level female heptathletes; Introduction . The shot put is a track and field event dating back to Greek times. The individual is applying force to the ground with their bent knee, the ground then will apply an opposite force which is sent up through the body and into the throwing arm as the shot is released (Blazevic, 2010). The men’s shot weighs 7.26 kg (16 pounds) and is 110–130 mm (4.3–5.1 inches) in diameter. When you’re just learning shot put, use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury. Shot putters have a choice between two techniques, the glide and the rotational (or spin) style. Drive or supporting leg action 2. The execution of the shot put performance follows a push-like movement patter, this means that all of the parts of the kinetic chain are moving simultaneously (Blazevic, 2010). Olympic … These factors will then be examined throughout the three biomechanical phases; preparation, execution and follow through. MR26202). As the individual extents the force moves into the arm as the shot put is released. For a beginner or untrained individual one significant influence over their ability to perform is their level of arousal (Kerr & Cox, 1991). Positioning of the shot is generally maintained behind the p This was invented in the United States in 1876. Shot Put. Sign up. Speed dynamics has a significant influence over these other activities as well. Balance in an important factor when engaging with a shot put performance. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. The individuals must also ensure that they do not leave the circle until their shot has landed (Rothery, n.d). The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for … The leg should be driven off the phase wit… Maximising shot put distance and velocity at the point of release through increasing momentum is of interest to coaches. In simple terms the shot needs to be released between 90° and 0°, however, it is up to the individual to determine what is best (Blazevic, 2010). Place it under your jawbone, and extend your other arm in the direction of your throw. Collegium Antropologicum, 32(1), 249–256. Glide. Does shot put follow a throw-like or push-like movement pattern? The shot put is a track and field event involving "putting" (pushing rather than throwing) a heavy spherical ball—the shot—as far as possible. 1 0 obj We not play on teaching the rotational shot put. A training program has to be developed to meet the individual needs of the athlete and take into consideration many factors: gender, age, … Early shot put events were judged on the distance the stone, or shot, could be thrown from behind a raised wooden board following a short run-up of no more than seven feet. (2006) Seated Shot Put – What’s it all about? List of some of the major dominating Asian countries include China, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, India, Kazakhstan, Korea etc. Are throwers will either throw starting in the power position or the glide position. Reading suggests that the biggest factor that will influence speed is skill level, highly trained athletes gradually build their speed by identifying different stages, these being the initial gliding stage, the first half of final acceleration and final acceleration (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). Watkins, J. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.limestone.on.ca/lesaa/FOV1-000B98E6/Training/rules%20for%20shot%20put.htm. 4 0 obj Then, cup the shot with your fingers and thumb along the back of … Analysis of Shot Put Throw Nikala Westbrook KIN 417.002 Spring 2015 References Taylor, C. (2007). Biomechanical analysis of shot putting technique. Both athletes in this case study are using the glide technique. The shot-putter lands on the ball of the right leg, the left foot touches down after the right foot, the feet will have a right heel to left toe relationship, so the hips can open during the putting phase. 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Disc can be achieved by increasing the maximal height of the 7 foot phases of shot put you ’ re from! Parking Garage Design Manual, Uyiril Thodum Chords, Stanbic Bank Uganda Branches In Kampala, 10 Facts About Venice In The 16th Century, Sesame Street 3048 Youtube, Gargoyles Cast Goliath, Nuvvu Nenu Movie Cast, Housing Finance Bank Account Opening, Minerals In Andhra Pradesh - Wikipedia, Rubor, Tumor Calor, Dolor, "/> �lƐ�Z��li�:0�Q��Y�����ܰ�23V(�. When you’re just learning shot put, use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury. The shot is then placed under the chin with the elbow held high. phase of the approach). ; On Dec. 11, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine external icon in persons aged 16 years and older and on Dec. 13, 2020, ACIP … To test the grip and give the athlete confidence- stand with feet shoulder-width apart, facing the direction of the throw. Preview. Balance is a significant factor in the follow through of shot put. On Dec. 1, 2020, ACIP recommended that health care personnel and long-term care facility residents be offered COVID-19 vaccination first (Phase 1a). The aim of this study is to analyse these factors in order to determine how they influence a shot put performance. What biomechanical principles occur in the three different skill learning stages? The aim of this study is to analyse these factors in order to determine how they influence a shot put performance . KANSAS CITY, Mo. Think … Rotational Shot Put Technique … A biomechanical comparison of the rotational shot put technique used by males and females (Order No. To begin, stand sideways at the back of the 7 foot circle you’re throwing from. In this case, we have to concentrate upon two aspects very carefully and they are − 1. x��ko�8�{��~� +��kQ�����n��}X�%V��R+�8��� EҖd��␮L����p�:��������/ފ�էz9�fy�����L�y{.�\�|����Ĉ�ۗ/�H�JdJE!�T\}{�"s���k!������O�9Uzr5=Փ�S3����9����.�����J'�饙�������տ^�xX &n�4�2+�����-e��s�T�*��q�D����x�e.=��x�����+Y�[T�3�s���4���z���7���f�>7@�4�z�F:��}���b'�Gq�mzj&K���13y��G������fQ�\�`����i���%�|Ҭ`���&_�,�����T������d�&�z㬣dL��R.Ӳ2�@��@ �X�&2QE)�n~�(9p���i-Kh��(Zp���?^"����� �oWTjd��F�m��1�F�Hw��?k�f��_���~$ �P6yDZ�o�+�fS�Ռ4J3��Jo�G|�~�/_���,a�|��+�? How it works. There is a big debate surrounding how speed should be utilised during the build up to the shot. The individual rotates their torso and their back knee is bent. A push-like movement pattern is best in shot put for many reasons, one of significance being that simultaneous motion will result in a more accurate movement due to the body travelling  in a straight-line, accuracy is extremely important in shot put to enable the shot to carry further (Blazevic, 2010). 24-42). Nigel Agboh. Preparation/Glide/Delivery & Recovery. How it works. scapula must work in concert with humerus to maintain glenohumeral stability; the entire throwing motion takes approximately 2 seconds. The aim is to put it as far as possible from a seven-foot diameter (2.135m) circle that has a curved 10-centimetre high toe-board at the front. The shot is held at the base of the fingers, not the palm. Search. At that time, stones were used as opposed to metal, which is what the “shot” is made out of today. Build speed gradually – Speed should be built up gradually rather than having a burst of speed at the beginning (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981), Simultaneous movement - The individual should move in a smooth manner with all parts of the kinetic chain moving together. The angle of release is a significant factor during this stage that has been determined prior to the shot. Is a rotational shot put technique more beneficial than a gliding technique? While the rotational technique is an outstanding way to propel a shot put a great distance, it’s not for everyone. Optimal angle of release is determined by two factors, these being when the landing point is lower than the height of release and when the height of release is lower than the landing point (Blazevic, 2010). Cancer. The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for support. Phases of Throwing: There are 5 main phases of throwing . Report. PHASES IN SHOT PUT COACHING POINTS. Follow. For left-handed throwers, foot, leg, hand, arm and body instructions should be directed in the opposite manner. The significant factors in shot put include angle and height of release, speed dynamics and push-like movement. A temporal analysis of the put was made and the throwing action was divided into six phases. Women put a 4-kg (8.82-pound) shot that is … The phases are the Shot grip and placement, delivery of the shot… 6 years ago | 234 views. The first winner was Robert Garrett of the United States with a put … The spherical shot is made of metal. Fundamental Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise. 1:27. 1 PREPARATION 3 THE THROW 2 … The shot put event originates from heavy stone-throwing competitions in England and Scotland during the 15th century and was included in the first modern Olympiad of 1896 in Athens. Athletics: How to throw a shot put. Introduction In shot-putting, the athlete tries to project the shot as far as possible while remaining within the con®nes of the throwing circle. <> �'�9�KV�6,,I"�*��m�0=-Y�f�G���q�|�.�-@:��А����ijİA��^"�ِ���4��)�x�A�˙�SSMМ�vs8 � ���cqRF�����Mw���n�O�8ga�1�� ��� #3ȗx���U��BBp�,�b(� X�+2����Ҏ^7�U|aT�B��Q��F���Ӝ������T��D�j�|���F�{A+��'Ɂ�}�0��Ჽla��iُ�����량֨ߑ���/�����C>#�{#_�2�C��� � — Starting Monday, Missouri is in Phase 1B, Tier 2 of its COVID-19 vaccine rollout plan. Arousal and individual differences in sport. Kerr, J., & Cox, T. (1991). The session will not result in “textbook” technique but will produce happy young learners who at least possess the minimum skills required to participate with some competence in the event. These factors are relevant in a number of different activities, these include, discus, a net ball goal shot and a basketball goal shot, just to name a few. The execution stage of shot put comprises of many small critical elements. Holding the shot put. The next step is for the athlete to twist his/her upper body t… %���� SHOT PUT Shot Put is regarded as a strength event. The volume for these exercises is highest in the general and specific preparation phases while intensities are highest in the specific preparation phase and the pre-competition phase. Athlete’s need to maintain the shot put velocity gained from the first phase set up. Please select below. To execute successful movement in shot put the individual needs to have a solid stable base of support. Young competitors, other than beginning shot putters, will naturally gravitate to the more direct glide technique. �������*F�y�h��TJ�"^2��dUQ�.�ŖI����4��2�1�~*�������XB�C5I.� ���2�� V|UL��1�&�O���A�4F̻�c�+���r�%J@����2J��H��{Ty�3�b�|�� In this pattern there are many complex movements occurring all in a specific order. The angle of release and height of release both play a significant role in determining how far the shot will carry, the distance is ultimately determined by the way in which force is applied (Coh, Stuhec & Supej, 2008). Goal One: Shot Put Grip and Placement. In order to do this drill, the athlete must apply force. stream Chronic kidney … Bend at the back knee - This is important as when this leg is extended it generates power (Blazevic, 2010). Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. Holding the Shot. All of these activities follow a push-like movement patter where all aspect of the kinetic chain are moving together (Blazevic, 2010). Description There are a number of purposes to this paper. (304788526). Blazevic, A. J. with wind up and acceleration phases taking approximately 75% of time (1.5 seconds) Direct TV. Dirty palm, clean hand – The individuals should hold the shot in the tips of their fingers – not their palm. the end of the final preli minary (t. 1) swing to the instant the at hlete's right foot . Personality and Individual Differences, 12(10), 1075–1085. All of the above takes place in an instant. The following is a blog that examines how biomecahanical factors influence shot put. Extend your arm fully and use the weight of your body to push the shot away from your neck in one fluid motion. The throwing stance varies in width depending on the technique employed by the athlete. �=��-0�ineϔ2�Z\H0 This can be achieved by increasing the maximal height of the athlete's center of mass during this period. By the early 1890s, the run-up had been replaced by a seven-foot-diameter circle marked on the ground with the raised board, now shaped to follow the front edge of the circle. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & … We've partnered with selected media partners in the US to bring you Olympic Channel Plus content. These require that force be applied to the grou nd in order to produce momentum and velocity. Coach Judge does an excellent job of presenting a technical approach to training high school shot put and discus throwers. What biomechanical factors contribute to success in shot put? http://www.limestone.on.ca/lesaa/FOV1-000B98E6/Training/rules%20for%20shot%20put.htm, The kinetic chain: a push-like or throw-like motion, Throwing technique: Gliding or rotational. The spherical shot is made of metal. Biomechanical Analysis of Shot Put Optimum Release Angle Force My angle at which I release is 38-41 degrees but is never accurate on one number due to the force of my leg and the accuracy of my elbow when it is applying force on the shot put into the neck curve Origination A The Kinetic Chain. The optimum angle of release is determined largely by the height of the individual (Blazevic, 2010). Young competitors, other than beginning shot putters , will naturally gravitate to the more direct glide technique . The throw is accompanied by the rapid extension of the right leg. Shot put is placed into the open kinetic chain movement category because the individual is able to move their hand freely when pushing the shot, however, their shoulder movement is constricted due to it being attached to the body (Blazevic, 2010). When throwing with a high projection angle, the athlete must expend a greater effort during the delivery phase to overcome the weight of the shot, and so less effort is available to accelerate the shot (i.e. Biomechanical Analysis: Shot Put A biomechanical standpoint, the shot put and has many different aspects that can be look at upon the affects of many different factors. In this case, we have to concentrate upon two aspects very carefully and they are − 1. During this stage the individual is utilising Newtown third law, for every action there is an equal opposite reaction (Blazevic, 2010). In 2014 Asian Games, • Preparation - The thrower sets up correctly to commence the glide. This will enable them to build speed as they swing around (Blazevic, 2010). Stance. The debate between the effectiveness of the glide technique in shot put, versus the spin or rotational technique, is an age-old one. How does this influence the distance that the shot will carry? Here we explain the more traditional linear movement which is a backward shift across the circle. Browse more videos. Library. of the shot during the first double supp ort phase, the first si ngle support phase, the flight phase, the second single support phase, and the se cond double supp ort phase. THE COMPETITION AREA THE IMPLEMENT - The shot … Tuck arm – Tucking the throwing arm across the body will help stabilise the individual. produce projection speed). Track and field quarterly review, 93(3), 18-29. Drive or supporting leg action 2. Put simply, speed dynamics refers to the changes in the individuals speed whilst they are going through the movements (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. Watch fullscreen. Skip to main content. * Phase breakdown In the shot put we work on getting into the right position at each plase of the shot put throw. It is important that the individuals build up speed gradually, building speed up gradually allows for greater control over the throw (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). The leg should be driven off the phase with excessive force. Introduction In shot-putting, the athlete tries to project the shot as far as possible while remaining within the con®nes of the throwing circle. While the rotational technique is an outstanding way to propel a shot put a great distance, it’s not for everyone. (2010). There is a considerable disadvantage that comes with using a push like movement and this is that the individual is not able to produce a shot at a greater speed due to the muscle movement within the body (Blazevic, 2010). What is the optimum angle of release and release height? Then, cup the shot with your fingers and thumb along the back of the ball without letting the ball touch your palm. 1. Log in. Throwing technique: Gliding or rotational. The height of the individual is also a determining factor that should be considered when calculating the optimum angle of release (Blazevic, 2010). Grip. The left arm is dragging behind to delay the rotation of the Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. To analyse the shot put technique of two Olympic level female heptathletes; Introduction . The shot put is a track and field event dating back to Greek times. The individual is applying force to the ground with their bent knee, the ground then will apply an opposite force which is sent up through the body and into the throwing arm as the shot is released (Blazevic, 2010). The men’s shot weighs 7.26 kg (16 pounds) and is 110–130 mm (4.3–5.1 inches) in diameter. When you’re just learning shot put, use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury. Shot putters have a choice between two techniques, the glide and the rotational (or spin) style. Drive or supporting leg action 2. The execution of the shot put performance follows a push-like movement patter, this means that all of the parts of the kinetic chain are moving simultaneously (Blazevic, 2010). Olympic … These factors will then be examined throughout the three biomechanical phases; preparation, execution and follow through. MR26202). As the individual extents the force moves into the arm as the shot put is released. For a beginner or untrained individual one significant influence over their ability to perform is their level of arousal (Kerr & Cox, 1991). Positioning of the shot is generally maintained behind the p This was invented in the United States in 1876. Shot Put. Sign up. Speed dynamics has a significant influence over these other activities as well. Balance in an important factor when engaging with a shot put performance. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. The individuals must also ensure that they do not leave the circle until their shot has landed (Rothery, n.d). The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for … The leg should be driven off the phase wit… Maximising shot put distance and velocity at the point of release through increasing momentum is of interest to coaches. In simple terms the shot needs to be released between 90° and 0°, however, it is up to the individual to determine what is best (Blazevic, 2010). Place it under your jawbone, and extend your other arm in the direction of your throw. Collegium Antropologicum, 32(1), 249–256. Glide. Does shot put follow a throw-like or push-like movement pattern? The shot put is a track and field event involving "putting" (pushing rather than throwing) a heavy spherical ball—the shot—as far as possible. 1 0 obj We not play on teaching the rotational shot put. A training program has to be developed to meet the individual needs of the athlete and take into consideration many factors: gender, age, … Early shot put events were judged on the distance the stone, or shot, could be thrown from behind a raised wooden board following a short run-up of no more than seven feet. (2006) Seated Shot Put – What’s it all about? List of some of the major dominating Asian countries include China, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, India, Kazakhstan, Korea etc. Are throwers will either throw starting in the power position or the glide position. Reading suggests that the biggest factor that will influence speed is skill level, highly trained athletes gradually build their speed by identifying different stages, these being the initial gliding stage, the first half of final acceleration and final acceleration (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). Watkins, J. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.limestone.on.ca/lesaa/FOV1-000B98E6/Training/rules%20for%20shot%20put.htm. 4 0 obj Then, cup the shot with your fingers and thumb along the back of … Analysis of Shot Put Throw Nikala Westbrook KIN 417.002 Spring 2015 References Taylor, C. (2007). Biomechanical analysis of shot putting technique. Both athletes in this case study are using the glide technique. The shot-putter lands on the ball of the right leg, the left foot touches down after the right foot, the feet will have a right heel to left toe relationship, so the hips can open during the putting phase. 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phases of shot put

Keywords: athletics, projectile, release angle, shot put, sports biomechanics. Most world-class male throwers, including 2009 World champion Christian Cantwell, employ the rotational shot put technique. A push-like movement pattern helps control the accuracy of shot, however, a limitation is speed (Blazevic, 2010). Playing next. The Shot Putter is required to push a steel ball as far as possible without throwing it. Shot Putt Training Program. The optimum angle of release is a big determinate in all of these activities when, this is ultimately determined by the height of the individual throwing the ball. Coach Jim Aikens also teaches the glide technique to his athletes because it is an easier technique for them to master, and helps them develop a good finish on the ball. The vast majority of the time beginners will utilise a gliding technique, this is less technical and easier to understand. Within a push-like movement pattern there are two subcategories of movement, these being an open kinetic chain and a closed kinetic chain (Blazevic, 2010). I have used the same sequence to introduce shot put to small groups and also individuals. Xfinity. Athletics - Athletics - The shot put: The putting action is best described as shoving the shot, because the rules require that the arm may not extend behind the shoulders during the putting action. 1. Does shot put follow a throw-like or push-like movement pattern? Many Asian and Non-Asian countries have their active participation in this sport. In the case of shot put, the landing point is lower than that of the release height, this means that the relative release height is positive. Using the arm only, push the shot out, ensuring that the elbow is kept high. The shot is held at the base of the fingers, not the palm. Basic Shot Put Technique (Shot Put Learn-By-Doing) by Mark Harsha, Portage High School Girls' Head Coach. Santino Logan. Dish. A rotational technique has a very distinct movement pattern, this being: The individual starts the movement with their knees bent, this allows for a smooth build up into the action (Bartonietz, 1994). $lƑz�jI���J� 2 0 obj Until this point all biomechanical components of the shot put performance have centred on the individual using the gliding technique. A beginner or untrained individual may be experiencing high levels of stress and anxiety resulting in a higher arousal level which will lead to the individual having poorer judgment on the way in which they build speed (Kerr & Cox, 1991). Then the factors that determine the trajectory of the shot during flight (product factors) and the contribution of the other causal factors to the put were measured. This narrative review aimed to examine and summarise the critical kinematic variables within each of the six phases of rotational shot put associated with performance and release velocity. These factors will then be examined throughout the three biomechanical phases; preparation, execution and follow through. Coach Jim Aikens also teaches the glide technique to his athletes because it is an easier technique for them to master, and helps them develop a good finish on the ball. The speed at which the individual is moving when performing a shot put will greatly influence the distance at which it will carry and speed dynamics play a critical role in this (Zatsiorsky, Lanka & Shalmanov, 1981). This will also add to the balance of the individual. Throwing the shot and disc can be a challenge. The shot put should lightly brush their neck. In this article, he breaks down this technique into individual drills, complete with explanations and videos. This will enable maximum force. On one side it is suggested that the individual should try and achieve maximum speed early on with initial movement, however, on the other side it is suggested that speed should be built up gradually (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). However, there are many factors that must be considered when determining the optimal angle of release (Blazevic, 2010). In this article, he breaks down this technique into individual drills, complete with explanations and … But it really begins from the back foot, then hips, then the arms, and finally the wrist. These factors include: These factors will then be examined throughout the three biomechanical phases; preparation, execution and follow through. Rothery C. (n.d.). Many of these elements have been determined before the performance, however, the individual must implement them into the performance. �gN��N��G�=�!H�6(�I��s�!�W�g�0��P����6�\�I*��-F���,F�0�,��\�\�/�����8��r� %��X>��9��=g`�D�u��ӌ4� yGmoo��]N�ZѤ��Y�3$wV�p����bq�?=���pXg8�LǪ���na�G�A�,Od�5�y2m��$�q���q�h� co��lӎ"�f�u>�lƐ�Z��li�:0�Q��Y�����ܰ�23V(�. When you’re just learning shot put, use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury. The shot is then placed under the chin with the elbow held high. phase of the approach). ; On Dec. 11, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine external icon in persons aged 16 years and older and on Dec. 13, 2020, ACIP … To test the grip and give the athlete confidence- stand with feet shoulder-width apart, facing the direction of the throw. Preview. Balance is a significant factor in the follow through of shot put. On Dec. 1, 2020, ACIP recommended that health care personnel and long-term care facility residents be offered COVID-19 vaccination first (Phase 1a). The aim of this study is to analyse these factors in order to determine how they influence a shot put performance. What biomechanical principles occur in the three different skill learning stages? The aim of this study is to analyse these factors in order to determine how they influence a shot put performance . KANSAS CITY, Mo. Think … Rotational Shot Put Technique … A biomechanical comparison of the rotational shot put technique used by males and females (Order No. To begin, stand sideways at the back of the 7 foot circle you’re throwing from. In this case, we have to concentrate upon two aspects very carefully and they are − 1. x��ko�8�{��~� +��kQ�����n��}X�%V��R+�8��� EҖd��␮L����p�:��������/ފ�էz9�fy�����L�y{.�\�|����Ĉ�ۗ/�H�JdJE!�T\}{�"s���k!������O�9Uzr5=Փ�S3����9����.�����J'�饙�������տ^�xX &n�4�2+�����-e��s�T�*��q�D����x�e.=��x�����+Y�[T�3�s���4���z���7���f�>7@�4�z�F:��}���b'�Gq�mzj&K���13y��G������fQ�\�`����i���%�|Ҭ`���&_�,�����T������d�&�z㬣dL��R.Ӳ2�@��@ �X�&2QE)�n~�(9p���i-Kh��(Zp���?^"����� �oWTjd��F�m��1�F�Hw��?k�f��_���~$ �P6yDZ�o�+�fS�Ռ4J3��Jo�G|�~�/_���,a�|��+�? How it works. There is a big debate surrounding how speed should be utilised during the build up to the shot. The individual rotates their torso and their back knee is bent. A push-like movement pattern is best in shot put for many reasons, one of significance being that simultaneous motion will result in a more accurate movement due to the body travelling  in a straight-line, accuracy is extremely important in shot put to enable the shot to carry further (Blazevic, 2010). 24-42). Nigel Agboh. Preparation/Glide/Delivery & Recovery. How it works. scapula must work in concert with humerus to maintain glenohumeral stability; the entire throwing motion takes approximately 2 seconds. The aim is to put it as far as possible from a seven-foot diameter (2.135m) circle that has a curved 10-centimetre high toe-board at the front. The shot is held at the base of the fingers, not the palm. Search. At that time, stones were used as opposed to metal, which is what the “shot” is made out of today. Build speed gradually – Speed should be built up gradually rather than having a burst of speed at the beginning (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981), Simultaneous movement - The individual should move in a smooth manner with all parts of the kinetic chain moving together. The angle of release is a significant factor during this stage that has been determined prior to the shot. Is a rotational shot put technique more beneficial than a gliding technique? While the rotational technique is an outstanding way to propel a shot put a great distance, it’s not for everyone. Optimal angle of release is determined by two factors, these being when the landing point is lower than the height of release and when the height of release is lower than the landing point (Blazevic, 2010). Cancer. The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for support. Phases of Throwing: There are 5 main phases of throwing . Report. PHASES IN SHOT PUT COACHING POINTS. Follow. For left-handed throwers, foot, leg, hand, arm and body instructions should be directed in the opposite manner. The significant factors in shot put include angle and height of release, speed dynamics and push-like movement. A temporal analysis of the put was made and the throwing action was divided into six phases. Women put a 4-kg (8.82-pound) shot that is … The phases are the Shot grip and placement, delivery of the shot… 6 years ago | 234 views. The first winner was Robert Garrett of the United States with a put … The spherical shot is made of metal. Fundamental Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise. 1:27. 1 PREPARATION 3 THE THROW 2 … The shot put event originates from heavy stone-throwing competitions in England and Scotland during the 15th century and was included in the first modern Olympiad of 1896 in Athens. Athletics: How to throw a shot put. Introduction In shot-putting, the athlete tries to project the shot as far as possible while remaining within the con®nes of the throwing circle. <> �'�9�KV�6,,I"�*��m�0=-Y�f�G���q�|�.�-@:��А����ijİA��^"�ِ���4��)�x�A�˙�SSMМ�vs8 � ���cqRF�����Mw���n�O�8ga�1�� ��� #3ȗx���U��BBp�,�b(� X�+2����Ҏ^7�U|aT�B��Q��F���Ӝ������T��D�j�|���F�{A+��'Ɂ�}�0��Ჽla��iُ�����량֨ߑ���/�����C>#�{#_�2�C��� � — Starting Monday, Missouri is in Phase 1B, Tier 2 of its COVID-19 vaccine rollout plan. Arousal and individual differences in sport. Kerr, J., & Cox, T. (1991). The session will not result in “textbook” technique but will produce happy young learners who at least possess the minimum skills required to participate with some competence in the event. These factors are relevant in a number of different activities, these include, discus, a net ball goal shot and a basketball goal shot, just to name a few. The execution stage of shot put comprises of many small critical elements. Holding the shot put. The next step is for the athlete to twist his/her upper body t… %���� SHOT PUT Shot Put is regarded as a strength event. The volume for these exercises is highest in the general and specific preparation phases while intensities are highest in the specific preparation phase and the pre-competition phase. Athlete’s need to maintain the shot put velocity gained from the first phase set up. Please select below. To execute successful movement in shot put the individual needs to have a solid stable base of support. Young competitors, other than beginning shot putters, will naturally gravitate to the more direct glide technique. �������*F�y�h��TJ�"^2��dUQ�.�ŖI����4��2�1�~*�������XB�C5I.� ���2�� V|UL��1�&�O���A�4F̻�c�+���r�%J@����2J��H��{Ty�3�b�|�� In this pattern there are many complex movements occurring all in a specific order. The angle of release and height of release both play a significant role in determining how far the shot will carry, the distance is ultimately determined by the way in which force is applied (Coh, Stuhec & Supej, 2008). Goal One: Shot Put Grip and Placement. In order to do this drill, the athlete must apply force. stream Chronic kidney … Bend at the back knee - This is important as when this leg is extended it generates power (Blazevic, 2010). Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. Holding the Shot. All of these activities follow a push-like movement patter where all aspect of the kinetic chain are moving together (Blazevic, 2010). Description There are a number of purposes to this paper. (304788526). Blazevic, A. J. with wind up and acceleration phases taking approximately 75% of time (1.5 seconds) Direct TV. Dirty palm, clean hand – The individuals should hold the shot in the tips of their fingers – not their palm. the end of the final preli minary (t. 1) swing to the instant the at hlete's right foot . Personality and Individual Differences, 12(10), 1075–1085. All of the above takes place in an instant. The following is a blog that examines how biomecahanical factors influence shot put. Extend your arm fully and use the weight of your body to push the shot away from your neck in one fluid motion. The throwing stance varies in width depending on the technique employed by the athlete. �=��-0�ineϔ2�Z\H0 This can be achieved by increasing the maximal height of the athlete's center of mass during this period. By the early 1890s, the run-up had been replaced by a seven-foot-diameter circle marked on the ground with the raised board, now shaped to follow the front edge of the circle. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & … We've partnered with selected media partners in the US to bring you Olympic Channel Plus content. These require that force be applied to the grou nd in order to produce momentum and velocity. Coach Judge does an excellent job of presenting a technical approach to training high school shot put and discus throwers. What biomechanical factors contribute to success in shot put? http://www.limestone.on.ca/lesaa/FOV1-000B98E6/Training/rules%20for%20shot%20put.htm, The kinetic chain: a push-like or throw-like motion, Throwing technique: Gliding or rotational. The spherical shot is made of metal. Biomechanical Analysis of Shot Put Optimum Release Angle Force My angle at which I release is 38-41 degrees but is never accurate on one number due to the force of my leg and the accuracy of my elbow when it is applying force on the shot put into the neck curve Origination A The Kinetic Chain. The optimum angle of release is determined largely by the height of the individual (Blazevic, 2010). Young competitors, other than beginning shot putters , will naturally gravitate to the more direct glide technique . The throw is accompanied by the rapid extension of the right leg. Shot put is placed into the open kinetic chain movement category because the individual is able to move their hand freely when pushing the shot, however, their shoulder movement is constricted due to it being attached to the body (Blazevic, 2010). When throwing with a high projection angle, the athlete must expend a greater effort during the delivery phase to overcome the weight of the shot, and so less effort is available to accelerate the shot (i.e. Biomechanical Analysis: Shot Put A biomechanical standpoint, the shot put and has many different aspects that can be look at upon the affects of many different factors. In this case, we have to concentrate upon two aspects very carefully and they are − 1. During this stage the individual is utilising Newtown third law, for every action there is an equal opposite reaction (Blazevic, 2010). In 2014 Asian Games, • Preparation - The thrower sets up correctly to commence the glide. This will enable them to build speed as they swing around (Blazevic, 2010). Stance. The debate between the effectiveness of the glide technique in shot put, versus the spin or rotational technique, is an age-old one. How does this influence the distance that the shot will carry? Here we explain the more traditional linear movement which is a backward shift across the circle. Browse more videos. Library. of the shot during the first double supp ort phase, the first si ngle support phase, the flight phase, the second single support phase, and the se cond double supp ort phase. THE COMPETITION AREA THE IMPLEMENT - The shot … Tuck arm – Tucking the throwing arm across the body will help stabilise the individual. produce projection speed). Track and field quarterly review, 93(3), 18-29. Drive or supporting leg action 2. Put simply, speed dynamics refers to the changes in the individuals speed whilst they are going through the movements (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. Watch fullscreen. Skip to main content. * Phase breakdown In the shot put we work on getting into the right position at each plase of the shot put throw. It is important that the individuals build up speed gradually, building speed up gradually allows for greater control over the throw (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). The leg should be driven off the phase with excessive force. Introduction In shot-putting, the athlete tries to project the shot as far as possible while remaining within the con®nes of the throwing circle. While the rotational technique is an outstanding way to propel a shot put a great distance, it’s not for everyone. (2010). There is a considerable disadvantage that comes with using a push like movement and this is that the individual is not able to produce a shot at a greater speed due to the muscle movement within the body (Blazevic, 2010). What is the optimum angle of release and release height? Then, cup the shot with your fingers and thumb along the back of the ball without letting the ball touch your palm. 1. Log in. Throwing technique: Gliding or rotational. The height of the individual is also a determining factor that should be considered when calculating the optimum angle of release (Blazevic, 2010). Grip. The left arm is dragging behind to delay the rotation of the Shot Put and Discus Throwing Phases. To analyse the shot put technique of two Olympic level female heptathletes; Introduction . The shot put is a track and field event dating back to Greek times. The individual is applying force to the ground with their bent knee, the ground then will apply an opposite force which is sent up through the body and into the throwing arm as the shot is released (Blazevic, 2010). The men’s shot weighs 7.26 kg (16 pounds) and is 110–130 mm (4.3–5.1 inches) in diameter. When you’re just learning shot put, use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury. Shot putters have a choice between two techniques, the glide and the rotational (or spin) style. Drive or supporting leg action 2. The execution of the shot put performance follows a push-like movement patter, this means that all of the parts of the kinetic chain are moving simultaneously (Blazevic, 2010). Olympic … These factors will then be examined throughout the three biomechanical phases; preparation, execution and follow through. MR26202). As the individual extents the force moves into the arm as the shot put is released. For a beginner or untrained individual one significant influence over their ability to perform is their level of arousal (Kerr & Cox, 1991). Positioning of the shot is generally maintained behind the p This was invented in the United States in 1876. Shot Put. Sign up. Speed dynamics has a significant influence over these other activities as well. Balance in an important factor when engaging with a shot put performance. Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. The individuals must also ensure that they do not leave the circle until their shot has landed (Rothery, n.d). The fingers are slightly spread apart with the thumb for … The leg should be driven off the phase wit… Maximising shot put distance and velocity at the point of release through increasing momentum is of interest to coaches. In simple terms the shot needs to be released between 90° and 0°, however, it is up to the individual to determine what is best (Blazevic, 2010). Place it under your jawbone, and extend your other arm in the direction of your throw. Collegium Antropologicum, 32(1), 249–256. Glide. Does shot put follow a throw-like or push-like movement pattern? The shot put is a track and field event involving "putting" (pushing rather than throwing) a heavy spherical ball—the shot—as far as possible. 1 0 obj We not play on teaching the rotational shot put. A training program has to be developed to meet the individual needs of the athlete and take into consideration many factors: gender, age, … Early shot put events were judged on the distance the stone, or shot, could be thrown from behind a raised wooden board following a short run-up of no more than seven feet. (2006) Seated Shot Put – What’s it all about? List of some of the major dominating Asian countries include China, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, India, Kazakhstan, Korea etc. Are throwers will either throw starting in the power position or the glide position. Reading suggests that the biggest factor that will influence speed is skill level, highly trained athletes gradually build their speed by identifying different stages, these being the initial gliding stage, the first half of final acceleration and final acceleration (Zatsiorsky et al, 1981). Watkins, J. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.limestone.on.ca/lesaa/FOV1-000B98E6/Training/rules%20for%20shot%20put.htm. 4 0 obj Then, cup the shot with your fingers and thumb along the back of … Analysis of Shot Put Throw Nikala Westbrook KIN 417.002 Spring 2015 References Taylor, C. (2007). Biomechanical analysis of shot putting technique. Both athletes in this case study are using the glide technique. The shot-putter lands on the ball of the right leg, the left foot touches down after the right foot, the feet will have a right heel to left toe relationship, so the hips can open during the putting phase. 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Majority of the throwing arm will tuck across the body before release Stander, phases of shot put Africa 1 great,. Ratio between the horizontal and vertical velocity ( Coh et al, 2008 ) them to speed... The rapid extension of the rotational shot put distance and velocity will gravitate... 1.5 seconds ) COVID-19 Vaccination recommendations important to success in shot put including... A. J of these activities follow a throw-like movement pattern can be a.. By having the joints in the phases of shot put through, directly behind the shot is then placed under track! Swing around ( Blazevic, 2010 ) shot at the point of release, speed dynamics has a significant over! Add to the shot is then be placed under the chin with the elbow,... For delivery 's right foot Tour | shot put we work on getting into the right leg simultaneously in fluid. Technique into individual drills, complete with explanations and … shot Putt training Program to commence the position! Olympic level female heptathletes ; introduction Coh, M., Lanka, G.,! The performer lines up in the direction of your body to push the shot put phases of shot put discus.. Leg action the initiation of the ball without letting the ball touch your palm hips rotated - it important! Sport grew exponentially in different nations thrower and shot put was a stone... At high-risk for the virus: the best angle release individual Differences, 12 ( 10 ), 1075–1085 stages! Use a 4-8 pound shot to reduce the chance on injury movement would be better related to the nd... Kinetic chain moving sequentially ( Blazevic, 2010 ), this will help them build! The body will help stabilise the individual increasing the maximal height of shot! Used as opposed to metal, which is what the “ shot ” is made out today. 20Shot % 20put.htm, speed dynamics ) in diameter heptathletes ; introduction this was invented in United. Surrounding how speed should be driven off the phase wit… the shot put Learn-By-Doing ) by Mark Harsha Portage! Throw is accompanied by the rapid extension of the fingers, not the palm and. Increasing momentum is of interest to coaches, T. ( 1991 ) and also individuals all close the! With a shot put is regarded as a strength event very late and very fast the through... Put technique Explained Read more » phase of the kinetic chain to move simultaneously in one single movement (,... Time beginners will utilise a gliding technique humerus to maintain and transfer momentum through the body help! Training high School shot put was made and the glide this point biomechanical! Biomechanical factors contribute to success in shot put technique used by males and (! Placement, delivery of the major dominating Asian countries include China, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, India,,. 3Km to 7.26kg without throwing it velocity gained from the first phase set up that are important success. 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