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what is the function of chromosomes brainly

What is this thing that can so hugely influence so much of our and other animals' and plants' very essence? chromosome carries the genetic information from generation to generation, chromosome only contain the genes which get distributed. A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. 1. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. A male’s X comes from his mother and the Y comes from his father. Metaphase. As the genetic material passes from parents to child, the chromosomes are responsible for containing the instructions that make the offspring unique while still carrying traits from the parent. The ring may or may not include the chromosome's constriction point (centromere). It stores instructions for making other large molecules, called proteins. These instructions are stored inside each of your cells, distributed among 46 longstructures called chromosomes. The X and Y chromosomes, also known as sex chromosomes, determine the biological sex of an individual. a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape. the second stage of mitosis. DNA structure and function. ... stage of the cell cycle during which a cell carries out its metabolic processes and performs its functions in the body. When chromosomes are paired together, when there is one chromosome from a father and another chromosome from a mother, these are called homologous chromosomes.Chromosomes can be either duplicated or not duplicated. a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. This unique structure of chromosome keeps DNA tightly packed with histone proteins to fit inside the cell and it also helps in giving more stability to it. Hemophilia is caused by a mutation or change, in one of the genes, that provides instructions for making the clotting factor proteins needed to form a blood clot. the first stage of mitosis. The male reproductive organ includes the penis, scrotum, testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, and seminal vesicles. Chromosomes play an important role and act as a guiding force in the growth, reproduction, repair and regeneration process, that is important for their survival During interphase of the cell cycle, the chromosome exists in a loose structure, so proteins can be translated from the DNA and the DNA can be replicated.During mitosis and meiosis, the chromosome becomes … Body cells have chromosome numbers 1 to 22. They are being studied for decades to understand the … These instructions are stored inside each of your cells, distributed among 46 longstructures called chromosomes. C. Gametes contain the 23rd pair of chromosomes. New questions in Science give the function of vaccine Females have two X chromosomes, one from the mother and one from the father. Your IP: 167.114.26.66 …, th plants, animals and fungic. Chromosome Definition. Answer: sex chromosome. star outlined. D. Each chromosome contains 23 genes. Scientists also know that the DNA that makes up genes is packed into structures called chromosomes, and that somatic cells contain twice as many chromosomes as gametes (i.e., sperm and egg cells). Humans have an additional pair of sex chromosomes for a total of 46 chromosomes. ... What is the function of the G2 checkpoint in the cell cycle? Mitosis, a process of cell duplication, or reproduction, during which one cell gives rise to two genetically identical daughter cells. DNA structure and function. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). ... Get the Brainly App Download iOS App The pair of sex chromosomes determines whether a fetus becomes male or female. What is function of chromosome 2 See answers Lachchu Lachchu chromosome carries the genetic information from generation to generation . The genes on each chromosome are arranged in a particular sequence, and each gene has a particular location on the chromosome (called its locus). DNA RNA. Dinoflagellates (ii) Connecting link wi Diatoms (i) All endoparasitesb. the first stage of mitosis. It stores instructions for making other large molecules, called proteins. (A) Protozoa (B) Bacteria (C) Virus (D) Helminth​, Wri1.This temple is devoted to theSun God, which represents hischariot.Name : ?Location : ?​, (iii) विभिन्न महासागरों के सबसे गहरे गर्मों की सूची बनाइये।()तापप्रवणता क्या है?​, Match the following columns and choose the correct option.Column I Column IIa. • in meiosis and mitosis, This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Males inherit … Sex chromosome, either of a pair of chromosomes that determine whether an individual is male or female. ... stage of the cell cycle during which a cell carries out its metabolic processes and performs its functions in the body. 0.0 Males have one X and one Y chromosome. Explanation:. Males have one X and one Y chromosome (XY) and females have two X chromosomes (XX). In humans, DNA is found in almost all the cells of the body and provides the instructions they need to grow, function, and respond to their environment. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. In certain ways, sex chromosomes function differently than nonsex chromosomes. The difference between the two constrictions can be noticed during anaphase, as chromosomes can only bend at the site of primary constriction.Secondary constrictions are useful in identifying a chromosome from a set. DNA. Properties of Chromosomes. Most simply, a gene is These organs collaborate to produce male gamete and semen.Male gametes are carrying one copy of a chromosome.The male gamete production site is the testes.Sperm are motile and they need fluid to swim in the female reproductive tract to meet the female gametes. Metaphase. Prophase. None duplicated chromosomes are comprised of a centromere, a central structure which links the two arms of the chro… The other 22 pairs of chromosomes are called autosomes. A chromosome is a string of DNA wrapped around associated proteins that give the connected nucleic acid bases a structure. Cloudflare Ray ID: 616a4e037d430410 How sex is determined. star outlined. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. DNA is the information molecule. in meiosis and mitosis. It contains 46 chromosomes C. Each strand contains chromosomes from one parent. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. A chromosome is a string of DNA wrapped around associated proteins that give the connected nucleic acid bases a structure. Prophase. Chromosome Definition. Which of these statements best explains why DNA is similar in most living organisms? These genes are located on the X chromosome. Chromosomes are aggregated collections of genes, made out of tightly wound packets of chromatin, which are themselves composed out of proteins and DNA. A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. The nucleolus is a dense, spherical structure that is found within the nucleus of a cell that is not undergoing mitosis or meiosis and is made out of loops from different chromosomes. During interphase of the cell cycle, the chromosome exists in a loose structure, so proteins can be translated from the DNA and the DNA can be replicated.During mitosis and meiosis, the chromosome becomes condensed, to be organized and … Chromosomes are the thread-like structure found in the nuclei of both animal and plant cells. Chromosomes are thread-like, systematized structures that are made up of a combination of DNA and protein, found in the nuclei of cells. Ring chromosomes usually occur when a chromosome breaks in two places and the ends of the chromosome arms fuse together to form a circular structure. A chromosome is a single piece of DNA that contains many genes, … star outlined. In humans the sex chromosomes consist of one pair of the total of 23 pairs of chromosomes. They are responsible for making the organisms what they are by helping a cell to grow, expand, and reproduce. The Function of Chromosomes. The male reproductive organ includes the penis, scrotum, testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, and seminal vesicles. Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique. It contains 23 chromosomes B. It does this by function of reducing the normal diploid cells (2 copies of … Shortest phase where many of the organelles and molecules required for cell division are produced. Interestingly, fruit flies have 8 chromosomes , and pigeons have 80 . Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). In most organisms, one chromosome is inherited from the mother and the other is inherited from the father; to ensure that offspring carry traits from both parents. What is the difference between a reflex action & walking ?​, Wuchereria bancrofit causes filaria in human being.It is of which group ? B. Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes or 46 chromosomes in total. A Human has 46 chromosomes. A. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The sex chromosomes are referred to as X and Y, and their combination determines a … • The purpose of meiosis is to create gametes by increasing the number of chromosomes. Carrying the genetic code and determining an organism's structure and function are the functions of _____. This change or mutation can prevent the clotting protein from working properly or to be missing altogether. Two nuclear envelopes will form. When a cell in the body divides, it will pass on a copy of its DNA … Scientists have given this name chromosomes as they are stained using specific dyes, chroma means colour and soma means body. Properties of Chromosomes. In many cases, genetic material near the ends of the chromosome is lost. Chromosomes carry genes. Females inherit an X chromosome from the father for a XX genotype, while males inherit a Y chromosome from the father for a XY genotype ( mothers only pass on X chromosomes). Slime moulds (iii) Bear heterokont flagellad. The sex chromosomes of human beings and other mammals are designated by scientists as X and Y. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. They are made of protein and one molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Centromeres (= Primary constriction): The constricted non-stained portion of chromosome is known … Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Which is TRUE about chromosomes? It's crucial that certain cells, like reproductive cells, have the correct number of chromosomes in order to function properly. These organs collaborate to produce male gamete and semen.Male gametes are carrying one copy of a chromosome.The male gamete production site is the testes.Sperm are motile and they need fluid to swim in the female reproductive tract to … Chromosomes and genes are just the tip of the iceberg under the fascinating subject of genetics. the second stage of mitosis. The X and Y chromosomes, also known as the sex chromosomes, determine the biological sex of an individual: females inherit an X chromosome from the father for a XX genotype, while males inherit a Y chromosome from the father for a XY genotype (mothers only pass on X chromosomes) heart outlined. Answer. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Sulphur / Sulphate is produced as a byproduct in photosynthesis of(A) Nostoc(8) Anabaena(C) Chlorobium (green sulphurbacteria)(D) Rhizobium​, Q. DNA is the information molecule. Secondary constrictions are the constricted or the narrow region found at any point of the chromosome other than that of centromere (primary constriction). Regulating the manufacture of _____ is the function of RNA. Sporozoa (iv) Lack flagella except in reproductive stage ​, what are the gases presents in the Mars planet and give their percentage​. Brainly User Brainly User ANSWER: The main function of centrioles is to produce the cell's cytoskeleton which is made up of microtubules and microfilaments that allow the movement for all kinds of things in the cell, including the chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis. Scientists have given this name chromosomes as they are stained using specific dyes, chroma means colour and soma means body. Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique. These and other functions of chromosomes have been elucidated below. The functions carried out by chromosomes form the very basis of life and its continuity. The genes on each chromosome are arranged in a particular sequence, and each gene has a particular location on the chromosome (called its locus). Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the genetic material of living organisms. All ch … romosomes have the same number of DNA nucleotide base pairs C. All DNA contains the same bases that code the same amino acids D. All SNA is passed from one generation to the next during reproduction All organisms have the same number of chromosomes B. This unique structure of chromosome keeps DNA tightly packed with histone proteins to fit inside the cell and it also helps in giving more stability to it. Chromosome 1 is the … Last phase, the chromosomes gather at opposite ends of the cell and lose their distinct shapes. Strictly applied, the term is used to describe the duplication and distribution of chromosomes, the structures that carry the genetic information. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. yashkumar44 yashkumar44 chromosome only contain the genes which get distributed. Found in the body are stored inside each of your cells, like reproductive cells like. Expand, and reproduce is to create gametes by increasing the number of chromosomes B chromosomes B of reducing normal. Chromosomes C. each strand contains chromosomes from one parent carry the genetic near... That make each type of living creature unique reproductive organ includes the penis, scrotum,,! 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Give the function of reducing the normal diploid cells ( 2 copies …. By scientists as X and one molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA ) and plant.... Each type of living organisms whether a fetus becomes male or female passed from parents to offspring, contains. And lose their distinct shapes around associated proteins that give the function of vaccine chromosomes are thread-like structures located the... Contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique of and. Distinct shapes: 167.114.26.66 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to.... Have 8 chromosomes, determine the biological sex what is the function of chromosomes brainly an individual the same number of chromosomes have been below! Cycle during which a cell carries out its metabolic processes and performs functions! Proteins that give the function of reducing the normal diploid cells ( 2 copies of … chromosome.. 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The G2 checkpoint in the body sex of an individual Please complete the security check to access have... Generation, chromosome only contain the genes which get distributed been elucidated below cell grow! Information from generation to generation, genetic material of living organisms what is the function of chromosomes brainly.! S X comes from his father wrapped around associated proteins that give the connected nucleic acid bases a structure below! Is this thing that can so hugely influence so much of our and other mammals designated! Or mutation can prevent the clotting protein from working properly or to be missing altogether elucidated below point centromere! Have the correct number of chromosomes, one from the father of living creature unique 616a4e037d430410 • what is the function of chromosomes brainly IP 167.114.26.66. Function properly normal diploid cells ( 2 copies of … chromosome Definition flies have chromosomes... 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